Wood Pellets, Environmentally Friendly Renewable Energy

Wood pellets are included in renewable energy in the utilization of biomass. Is a type of renewable alternative fuel that is more environmentally friendly, the shape is almost similar to wood briquettes, but the size and adhesive material are different. Wood pellets or wood pellets have many benefits, including meeting various kinds of needs, both household needs and industrial and corporate needs. Wood pellets are formed from the processing of logs or wood waste into compacted powder so that they are cylindrical with a diameter of 6-10 mm and a length of 1-3 cm with an average density of 650 kg/m2 or 1.5 m3/ton.

Wood pellets are widely used in Europe and America as a source of energy for space heating in winter and carbon for electricity as well as a source of energy in households for cooking purposes. Wood pellets produce a relatively high heat ratio between their output and input (19:1 to 20:1) and an energy of around 4.7kWh/kg. Image source by Mrdidg from Pixabay The use of wood pellets as fuel does not produce smoke or CO2 so it is considered very environmentally friendly, the price is also affordable. When compared to LPG gas which is expensive and produces CO2 which is not environmentally friendly, wood pellets are far superior.

Wood pellets have the same properties as firewood, namely when they are not used they can be extinguished first and can be revived when needed. Even though it has characteristics like firewood, the calorie content of wood pellets is on the same level as coal, this is because the wood pellets have gone through a drying phase which is useful in removing the moisture content of the wood. Wood pellets are packaged in a package with a stove or burner for use in the household. Wood pellets can be called carbon neutral because they do not add CO2 emissions to the atmosphere. This is because Wood Pellets come from trees which have absorbed more CO2 than they have disposed of. CO2 emissions from wood pellets are about ten times lower than coal and fuel oil, and eight times lower than gas. With these advantages, wood pellets are far more useful than other fuels, such as firewood, gas or coal itself. Indonesia has the potential to produce wood pellets for both export and domestic use.

Indonesia is a tropical country located on the equator, where sunlight as the main requirement for tree growth shines throughout the year. Plants that have been developed in Industrial Plantation Forests (HTI) such as Acacia mangium and Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus spp.) can reach 30 cm in diameter in just five years. While the same type if grown in a subtropical climate takes 40-60 years. This advantage should be utilized by Indonesia in the development of renewable energy such as wood pellets. The use of wood pellets in Indonesia is not too much, even though Indonesia has several wood pellet mills for example PT Thaka Sukses Mandiri and PT Pellet Biomas Indonesia, but the results are exported abroad. For this it is hoped that wood pellets can be seen and used in Indonesia.

Some of the other advantages of using wood pellets in the household are as follows: Save wood, by using this you use less wood Cost-effective, reducing costs that are usually used to buy LPG gas Convenient, there is no smoke when using wood pellets Clean, when compared with LPG or firewood which causes the kitchen walls to blacken. Healthy, reduces CO2 emissions Safe, no risk of exploding when using wood pellets After knowing the advantages of wood pellets, can wood pellets be used in Indonesia as an environmentally friendly fuel? If you look at the many staple foods in Indonesia, the benefits are great and can reduce CO2 gas, wood pellets should be used as a substitute for the fuel we usually use, such as coal used in factories, a substitute for LPG gas stoves at home. and can replace firewood that is usually used by households in rural areas.

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